A wart is a small, non-cancerous growth on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts can appear anywhere on the body but are most common on the hands and feet. Warts are contagious and can spread through direct contact with the virus.


1.Common warts (Verruca vulgaris): These typically appear on the hands, fingers, and knees. They are usually rough, dome-shaped, and have a grayish-brown color.

2. Flat warts (Verruca plana): These warts are small, smooth, and flat-topped. They can appear in clusters on the face, neck, hands, or legs and are often flesh-colored.

3.Plantar warts: These warts develop on the soles of the feet and can be quite painful due to the pressure from walking. They often have a callus-like appearance with tiny black dots.

4.Genital warts: Also known as condyloma acuminata, these warts are sexually transmitted and appear in the genital and anal areas. They can have a cauliflower-like appearance.


There are several treatment options available for warts, but the effectiveness of each method can vary depending on the type of wart and its location. Some common wart treatments include:

1. topical medication
– Salicylic acid: OTC products containing salicylic acid are available as gels, pads, or liquids. They work by softening the wart and gradually causing it to peel away layer by layer.

2. Cryotherapy (Freezing):
– Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the wart, causing it to blister and eventually fall off. This is often done by a healthcare professional.

3. Prescription Medications:
– Your doctor may prescribe stronger topical medications like podophyllin or imiquimod for certain types of warts.

4. Electrosurgery or Laser Therapy:
– In some cases, a healthcare professional may use electrosurgery or laser therapy to remove warts. This involves burning or cutting off the wart.

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